Leviticus 3:1, Without blemish. Heb. tamiym meaning “complete, whole, entire, sound, healthful, wholesome, unimpaired, innocent, having integrity.” Of this word, The TWOT states, [Tamiym r]efers to animals which are without blemish; also translates as such related adjectives as full, whole, upright, perfect. It represents the divine standard for man’s attainment.” Tamiyn occurs in the Tanakh 91 times, and the KJV translates it in a variety of ways: without blemish, perfect, upright, without spot, uprightly, whole, sincerely, complete, full. Here are some examples of how tamiym is used in the Tanakh:
- Noah was a just, perfect or upright (tamiym) man (Gen 6:9).
- YHVH admonished Abraham to walk perfectly or blamelessly (tamiym) before him (Gen 17:1).
- The Passover lamb was to be without blemish (tamiym, Exod 12:5) as were all the other animals offered to YHVH as sacrifices (e.g. Exod 29:1; Lev 1:3, 10; 3:1, 6, 9; 4:3, 23, 28, etc.).
- YHVH instructed the Israelites to be blameless (tamiym) before him by not being like the wicked, abominable and idolatrous nations around them (Deut 18:13).
- Elohim is perfect (tamiym, Deut 32:4).
- The people of Elohim are to fear him and to serve him in sincerity (tamiym) and truth and to put away the gods of Egypt (this world) and to serve Elohim (Josh 24:14).
- David was blameless or upright (tamiym) before Elohim (2 Sam 22:24). Even thought David committed adultery, murder and egregiously disobeyed in some other areas, Elohim viewed him as tamiym because of he had repented of and turned away from his sins.
- When a person is upright or blameless (tamiym) before Elohim, Elohim will be blameless (tamam meaning “to be complete, be sound, be unimpaired, be upright or to deal in integrity, to act uprightly) in response to that person (2 Sam 24:26).
- The ways of Elohim are perfect (tamiym, 2 Sam 22:31).
- Elohim makes the ways of the saint perfect (tamiym, 2 Sam 22:33).
- Those who walk uprightly (tamiym) will be allowed to dwell in the presence of Elohim (Ps 15:2).
- The Torah-law of YHVH is perfect (tamiym, Ps 19:7).
- YHVH blesses or withholds no good thing from the upright (tamiym, Ps 84:11 cp. Ps 119:1; Prov 2:21; 28:10, 18).
- The righteous are to walk perfectly or blamelessly (tamiym) before Elohim (Ps 101:2, 6; 119:80; Prov 11:5).
- YHVH delights in the blameless (tamiym) person (Prov 11:20).
- The wicked abhor those who speak uprightly (tamiym, Amos 5:10).
Be ye therefore perfect, even as your Father which is in heaven is perfect. (Matt 5:48)