Understanding the Mystery of Ezekiel’s Temple

Ezekiel 40–48

Ezekiel’s vision of a temple is enigmatic. Few passages in the entire Bible are more difficult to understand than chapters 40 to 48 of the Book of Ezekiel where the prophet describes in detail a temple—a habitation for YHVH himself—that he saw in a vision. Ezekiel’s temple is similar to the Tabernacle of Moses and Solomon’s Temple, but different and grander. 

Is this temple to be actually built during the Messianic Era or Millennium (which is the most common interpretation of this prophetic passage)? Or is this temple not a literal temple that will be built, but only figurative and spiritual in nature containing some hidden spiritual message? Bible commentators are uncertain. The Christian commentator Matthew Henry brushes off the vision with a scant commentary giving the following reasoning why: “Here is a vision … which is justly looked upon to be one of the most difficult portions in all the book of God. When we despair to be satisfied as to any difficulty we meet with, let us bless God that our salvation does not depend upon it, but that things necessary are plain enough; and let us wait till God shall reveal even this unto us.” Not content to leave this issue on Matthew Henry’s spiritual back burner, this author has assembled a series of insightful quotes from scholars who have studied Ezekiel’s Temple in depth and have some thought-provoking ideas as to its spiritual significance that may well spur the reader to examine this subject more thoroughly for himself.

Next, we present some excerpts from some Jewish and Christian commentaries on the subject of Ezekiel’s temple.

The Soncino Pentateuch sees this vision describing a temple that will be built in the New Jerusalem after the return of the exiled Israelites, which occurs when Messiah comes to establish his kingdom on earth. “This new temple was … to symbolize and embody in concrete form the teachings of Holiness and Purity preached by the Prophet in the preceding 39 chapters of his book.… The real hope of the future for Ezekiel lies in perfect and willing obedience to the Law” (p. 350).

The ArtScroll Chumash notes that at the beginning of the Book of Ezekiel the prophet is shown the glory of YHVH departing the Temple in Jerusalem because of all the abominations done therein (Ezek 9 and 10). That Temple became but an empty shell destined for soon destruction at the hands of the Babylonians. “But [Elohim] removes his Presence from places, not from his people. Throughout Ezekiel’s sad task of warning the nation of the consequences of its waywardness, [Elohim] told him that Israel would remain his people, that he would share their exile, and that he would bring them home again. In the concluding chapters of the book, Ezekiel saw the vision, the architecture, the dimensions, the laws of the Third Temple. Finally, he saw the vision of the Shechinah’s [YHVH’s glorious Presence] return—the same Shechinah whose departure he had tearfully witnessed twenty years earlier” (pp. 1158–1159).

The essence of the nine chapters devoted to describing this temple is found in 48:35 where the name of the city is given: YHVH Is There/YHVH Shama (vnÑ vuvh), according to the ArtScroll Tanch Series Ezekiel Commentary. The focus of the New Jerusalem is that it is the resting place of the Divine Presence. “[Elohim] wills that there be a New Jerusalem only because he wills that there be a place of welcome for the Divine Presence.… This Temple is to become the throne and footstool for the Divine Presence (43:7) and, in contrast to the two previous Temples which became defiled—and subsequently destroyed—through Israel’s sins, this one is to stand inviolate. [Elohim] is to dwell in it, never to depart (43:7)” (p. 605).

Adam Clarke in his commentary sees a direct correlation between the layout of Ezekiel’s temple and the message of the cross. “The tabernacle and temple were types of the incarnation of [Yeshua the Messiah]: ‘Destroy this temple, and after three days I will raise it up;—but this he spoke of the temple of his body’ (John 2:19,21). And in that Temple ‘dwelt all the fullness of the Godhead bodily.’ Into this immaculate humanity did the glory of the Supreme [Elohim] enter; and thus, ‘[Elohim] was in [Messiah] reconciling the world to himself.’ And this [Yeshua] is Immanuel, [El] with us” (Clarke’s Commentary, vol. 4, p. 540).

E.W. Bullinger in his noted Companion Bible says of Ezekiel’s Temple or Sanctuary, that it is the palace or habitation of the Messiah in connection with “the city of the great King” (Ps 48:2; Matt 5:35) (Appendix 88, p. 126).

“These closing chapters [Ezek 40 through 48] describe the new temple and a new order of worship for Israel. Most important they conclude with the name of the city, [YHVH] Is There. This is the key for understanding this whole vision of Ezekiel, which is paralleled by Revelation 21:1–22:15. As John has an angel guide to show him around his New Jerusalem, so Ezekiel has an angel to explain to him his temple vision. Though scholars vary in their interpretation, the temple is best interpreted symbolically, representing the ­worshiping community of the Messiah, during the church age, the Millennium, and climaxing in the world to come” (Spirit Filled Life Bible, notes on Ezek 40:1).

So what is the bottom line here? Will Ezekiel’s Temple literally be built or is it merely metaphorical symbology or both? 

Ezekiel’s Temple—A Literal Millennial Temple

There are solid biblical reasons to believe that Ezekiel’s temple vision foretells a literal temple that will be built in the future. In Messiah’s Coming Temple—Ezekiel’s Prophetic Vision of the Future Temple, by John W. Schmitt and J. Carl Laney, the authors make a compelling case for this being a description of a literal millennial temple. “Taken literally, Ezekiel 40–48 describes a temple that will exist during the kingdom (millennial age). Also Ezekiel is not alone in his prediction regarding a future temple; other prophets confirm the view that there will be a literal temple in the future kingdom (Isa 2:3; 60:13; Jer 33:18; Joel 3:18; Mic 4:2; Hag 2:7–9; Zech 6:12–15; 14:16, 20–21)” (ibid. p. 81). Moreover, if we are to believe John’s account of the New Jerusalem’s river of life lined with trees of life (Rev 22:1–2), then we must believe that Ezekiel’s similar account is literal as well (Ezek 47:1, 7, 12).

Those who believe that Ezekiel’s Temple is an allegorical representation of this present church age “introducers unwarranted allegorization and tends to read ideas into the passage rather than drawing out the t ruth that is there. Furthermore, thee is very little that corresponds to the church in Ezekiel’s vision” (ibid., p. 81).


19 thoughts on “Understanding the Mystery of Ezekiel’s Temple

    • Sadly, too many modern churches have became entertainment centers and no longer gospel Truth preaching and repentance centers, so they may as well identify with their namesake and refer to themselves as circuses, since, as you obviously know, the word church has the same Latin root as the word circus, and that root refers to the circular sun disk/god.

  1. I have always been challenged by Ezekiel’s temple. If it is literal, it must be around during the millennium, before the City which comes from heaven in Revelation 21. Also, and here’s my biggest issue; the sacrificial system is obsolete based on Yeshua’s sacrifice. To go back to sacrifices as the modern sanhedrin wants to today is an abomination!! That is hard to reconcile.

    • Shalom to All.
      A couple of ponders….
      If the Feasts are permitted to be shadows, why not a New Temple where the glory of Elohim resides prior to the New Jerusalem when all things are completed.
      Perhaps in this way Abba prepares all those who were not taken up into the air at Christ’s return who have made it through the great Tribulations into the Holy Ways of Covenant?
      Let’s face it there will only be a fraction of humanity standing and a great clean up after the wrath that will be visited upon the wicked unrepentant and the unprepared virgins.
      May we have our names written in the Book of Life.
      Praise our righteous and merciful King. FJ

    • I am not so much concerned about the ideas of the modern Sanhedrin, but I am wondering about Ezekiel 43:18-27; there, it talks about the new temple and sacrificing of animals. That passage is probably the one that gives the idea of sacrificing animals to the modern Sanhedrin.
      Natan, do you have any thoughts on this passage? Maybe, the people who never had faith in the Cleansing Blood of Yeshua, or those who didn’t have the opportunity to hear about Him need to resort to animal sacrifices for a while, until they (who are still alive during the millennium) and the people who will come up for the second resurrection (after the millennium) have been judged?
      Shalom, Sonja

      • It seems we can only speculate at best. One thing is for sure. Going back to the sacrificial system as is being planned and rehearsed now is an abomination! These plans which are backed by many evangelical groups are anti Messiah! If sacrifices are sanctioned in the Millennium, it will be by YHVH and not men. We will likely have to wait till then.

      • If Ezekie’s temple is a literal millennial one, then the sacrifices will be occurring simply for illustrative purposes to point to one’s need to receive Yeshua as the ultimate sin sacrifice. Even as the sacrifices prior to the cross pointed forward to Yeshua, so these sacrifices will point back to the cross thus helping people in that time to see how Yeshua’s death paid for their sins and their need to receive him as their Redeemer.

  2. The New Jerusalem has no temple. Revelation 21:22 I saw no temple in the city, for Adonai, God of Heaven’s armies, is its Temple, as is the Lamb.

  3. Love this conversation. I’m just finishing up Ezekiel and have been confused as to the reason for the temple. I take the Bible literally and can’t go along with many commentaries out there that try to disregard a literal temple. I feel it’s a cop out. Your conversation here have has been so helpful.

    • I agree with you, a lot of “speculation” going on out there, I have heard so much misinformation it’s unreal, one has to “learn” how to interpret the bible, the bible interprets itself, you just have to cross reference the passages with others, and I have learned how to do that. My wife and I are also in Ezekiel as well, and were kind of stumped as to ALL the measurements etc., (chapter 40-43) but we both feel it will yet be built, because of how things are worded. It’s a bit tricky..BUT fascinating, because there doesn’t seem to be any description that this temple was destroyed at any time, at least not that we are aware of, and just the measurements alone are not described anywhere about such a temple that was ALREADY built, I stand to be corrected…

      • Hi. Something I noticed recently. In the new Millennium Jesus is there, priests are there but God the Father is not mentioned and sin would still be able to exist. This would explain why there would need to be a temple in a way. People would still need to understand how to come before God the Father, Holiness extra. There is also no high priest in Ezekiel’s Temple because Jesus is the new high priest.
        In the new heaven and the new earth death and hades is done away with and all those that have not chosen Jesus have been judged and sent to there place and all that is left is Gods now sinless people. Now God the Father can dwell with His people but not in a temple because we are pure now. Isn’t it beautiful. The Father can finally be present with His children like in the Garden of Eden.

  4. Excellent commentary my brother, but for those of ”us” who do not understand bible prophesy and eschatology, much of the bible will not make sense, therefore if a person does not understand how to connect the dots, he/she will be lost ( not eternally, but scripturally speaking) ,therefore some people’s comments don’t make sense if they don’t study scripture, and thus they comment on things they either don’t know or misinterpret…Paul said in 2 Timothy 2:15 Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth…..The key here is RIGHTLY dividing. I realize it’s impossible to get everything right, so sometimes one must guess, or speculate about certain things, BUT when a person firmly says this is what is meant by this or that passage, it removes credibility for that person, because NO MAN knows every detail about the bible…I believe God chose not to revel every detail to us, because we would get bored if we knew everything, this way we keep coming back for more. The way I see it…God bless

  5. The literalness of Ezekiel’s Temple is apparent by the amount of specific detail of measurement and ritual. The key of knowledge is thrown away if we confidently assert that revival of animal sacrifices would be an abomination, usually based on “there remaineth no more sacrifice for sins” Heb. 10:26. The context of that chapter of Hebrews is the Day of Atonement, and Ezekiel excludes the Day of Atonement from future feasts. Those that will remain are the Passover/Unleavened Bread, and the Feast of Tabernacles.

    Moreover, the burnt offering, peace offering and meal offering have nothing to do with sins. Future sacrifices will be memorial in character, offered with full spiritual intelligence as to how they speak of Messiah, and under the New Covenant (not the Old, which has been abolished). Divinely-sanctioned animal sacrifices predated the Old Covenant.

    • Ezekiel 44:25-27 mentions about sin offering still required for priest. So, I think, if it describes a literal future temple with same activities as the old, it is inconsistent to the finished sacrifice of Christ. But thanks brethren for the insightful discussions. I am about to finish also my gradual reading of Ezekiel and got stirred by the temple significance.

  6. “Ezekiel’s” temple is really a misnomer. It is JESUS’ temple….I have thought to myself that each saint in the First Resurrection brings a building block to help construct HIS temple. Non-the-less it is still JESUS who builds it, & HE who rules in it. I believe David will sit in this temple, possibly on the east side in a rebuilt tabernacle ruling Israel under JESUS. Sacrifices will be offered on a daily basis to worship GOD & to feed the human priests & the
    immortal gods, sons of GOD. David’s tabernacle MUST be restored first so these sacrifices can be cooked; & to excavate the true temple Mt. Zion – the
    city of David!!! I pray you hear GOD & believe (obey).
    In Jesus’ Name, Clifford Catton – Dec. 14, 2022.

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