The Day of YHVH’s Wrath
There comes a time in the chronology of end times events that accompany the return of Yeshua when YHVH will pour out his wrath upon rebellious men. The Bible refers to this as “the day of YHVH” or “the day of his wrath” — a phrase which occurs more than two dozen times in prophetic writings of Isaiah, Ezekiel, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Zephaniah, Zechariah and Malachi. What is this day?
Is the “day of YHVH’s wrath” a literal day, or a time period, since the Hebrew word for day (Heb. yom)can mean both? The prophet Isaiah may give us a clue. In several places, he mentions “the day of YHVH’s vengeance” (or words to this effect). This is the time period when YHVH will judge the nations including Babylon the Great, which is in existence at Yeshua’s second coming (see Rev 17, 18 and 19). In three places, Isaiah indicates that the day of YHVH will last for one year (Isa 34:8; 61:2 and 63:4). Interestingly, in Isaiah 63:4, the prophet couples the idea of the day of YHVH’s vengeance being a year long with the jubilee year — “the year of my redeemed has come.” This occurs as the Messiah (the subject of Isa 63:1–6) judges the enemies of Israel (notably Edom) as he is at the same time about to redeem (i.e. regather and return scattered Israel to its Promised Land inheritance.) It appears that while Yeshua is judging Israel’s enemies at his second coming, he will at the same time begin regathering the lost and scattered 12 tribes of Israel in a major way. Yeshua seems to allude to this in Matthew 24:31
What Is the Wrath of YHVH/Elohim?
In the Book of Revelation, the term wrath of God/Elohim or similar language is found ten times in reference to YHVH’s fierce judgments against unrepentant and rebellious sinners. It is my belief that these judgments are yet to occur and are connected with the end times just prior to the return of Yeshua the Messiah.
But in the context of the full counsel of YHVH’s Word, what specifically is the wrath of Elohim/YHVH?
The term “the wrath of Elohim” or similar language is used in numerous places in the Scriptures, and refers to YHVH’s bringing severe judgments against men for their wickedness. Listed below are all the instances in the Scriptures where the phrase “the wrath of Elohim” or similar language is found.
- The wrath of Elohim came upon the children of Israel when they rebelled against YHVH (Ps 78:31).
- All those who are ungodly will experience the wrath of Elohim eventually (John 3:36; Eph 5:6; Rom 1:18; 2:5–8; Col 3:6).
- YHVH’s wrath was evidenced at various times against the ancient Israelites (2 Chron 24:18; 29:10; 2 Chron 30:8; 2 Chron 36:16; Ezra 5:12; Ezek 5:13; 7:19; 8:18).
- Elohim’s wrath came against the nations at various times for their wickedness (Jer 10:10; Nah 1:2; Jer 25:15; Mic 5:15; 2 Pet 2:9).
- YHVH’s wrath was expressed against Jerusalem at its fall (Isa 51:17, 20).
- YHVH’s wrath was expressed against Edom (Isa 63:3, 5, 6; Ezek 36:5–6).
- YHVH’s wrath was expressed against the nations for their wickedness toward Israel (Deut 32: 41,42; Mic 5:15; Zec 8:2).
- YHVH’s wrath will be poured out in end times against his enemies (Isa 66:15).
- The seven trumpets of the Book of Revelation are the wrath of Elohim (Rev 6:16–17).
- The seven bowl judgments of the Book of Revelation are the wrath of Elohim (Rev 11:18; 14:10; 15:1, 7; 16:1,19).
As we can see from the evidence, the Bible records numerous “wrath of Elohim” events at various times throughout the long time span of biblical history. Whenever YHVH intervenes in the affairs of men and brings judgment against the wicked, this is the wrath of Elohim. In this study, we are dealing with the wrath of Elohim in the last days prior to the return of Yeshua as prophesied in the Book of Revelation.
When Does the Period of YHVH’s Wrath — the “Day” of YHVH Begin?
As noted earlier in this study, the end times wrath of Elohim occurs after the great tribulation. This we know from Matthew 24:29 where Yeshua describes events that will occur “immediately after the tribulation.” These events (the sun be darkened, the moon not giving its light, the stars falling from heaven, and the powers of heaven being shaken) occur at the sixth seal, which describes identical cosmic disturbances (Rev 6:12), and this event is described as the beginning of the day of YHVH’s wrath (verse 16).
At this time, Yeshua will be coming in the clouds of heaven (Matt 24:30) in the midsts of great heavenly signs and wonders (verse 29; Rev 6:12–14), and he will gather his elect from the four corners of the earth (verse 31; Rev 7:1–16). But the Scriptures still don’t say that he has “touched down” on earth yet. All eyes will see him in the earth’s atmosphere (Matt 24:30). They shall all see “the face of him who sits on the throne” and will know that the time of “the wrath of the Lamb” has come (Rev 6:16). Where else do we see the throne of Elohim and the Lamb together? The Book of Revelation records several instances where this occurs (Rev 5:1, 6, 13; 7:10,17; cp. 21:23; 22:3). Revelation 21:23 and 22:3 tie the throne of Elohim, the Lamb (Yeshua), the temple of Elohim with the New Jerusalem. They are together. What can we make of this? Fasten your seat belts! The answer may surprise you. It is very likely that when Yeshua appears in the clouds, he will be accompanied by the New Jerusalem, the heavenly temple and the throne of Elohim. In other words, in a certain sense, heaven will “descend” into the earth’s atmosphere, and will come into view just after the great tribulation and at the sixth seal. It seems very possible, if my analysis is correct, that the New Jerusalem may be hovering in the earth’s atmosphere (where the clouds are) for all humans to see with their natural eyes!
To briefly digress, let’s emphasize an important point. Let’s not forget some promises Yeshua made to his disciples. For example, before he left this earth, he declared to his disciples,
In My Father’s house are many mansions; if it were not so, I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for you. And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and receive you to Myself; that where I am, there you may be also. (John 14:2–3)
When Yeshua returns, will he brings with him these “mansions”—the saints’ rewards—contained in the New Jerusalem?
Yeshua also promised his overcoming saints,
“He who overcomes, I will make him a pillar in the temple of My Elohim, and he shall go out no more. And I will write on him the name of My Elohim and the name of the city of My Elohim, the New Jerusalem, which comes down out of heaven from My God. And I will write on him My new name. (Rev 3:12)
To him who overcomes I will grant to sit with Me on My throne, as I also overcame and sat down with My Father on His throne. (Rev 3:21)
The saints will be dwelling in the temple of Elohim as their spiritual reward. Where else would this temple be but in the New Jerusalem? It is impossible to imagine the glorified King YHVH-Yeshua lowering himself to dwell in a physical temple in Jerusalem built in the end times by unbelieving Jews!
Now let’s continue in our discussion of events surrounding the second coming. Indulge me, and allow me to speculate a little more. There will be those (the great multitude) who will recognize Yeshua and receive him then and there as their Savior and Lord. All others will likely view this cube-shaped city from heaven, which is approximately 1300 miles square in size, as an alien invasion force about to take over the planet as we have seen portrayed in numerous alien invasion movies from Hollywood! Think about this! For years, Hollywood film makers have been planting the idea of an alien invasion from outer space in people’s heads. Has Satan, YHVH’s archenemy been preconditioning men’s minds against Yeshua’s second coming?
Remember, Yeshua hasn’t actually “touched down” on earth yet. During the wrath of YHVH (i.e. the seven trumpets and seven bowl judgments), it would seem that Yeshua is hovering over Jerusalem. When Yeshua is with the 144,000, which he has just sealed, most of our English Bible versions say that he is standing on Mount Zion (i.e. Jerusalem, Rev 14:1). Now let’s ask this important question. Is he standing on or over the region around Jerusalem, known as Mount Zion? This verse says that “a Lamb [was] standing on Mount Zion.” The word on in the Greek text is a preposition (epi) which can have a number of meanings including over. This is possibly another clue that Yeshua is still hovering in the earth’s atmosphere over Jerusalem during the wrath of YHVH period. If we go down to verse 14, we see Yeshua sitting “on a white cloud.” He is not on the earth yet, but over it — in the clouds! The Greek word here for cloud is often used in the Testimony of Yeshua as a reference to the glory cloud that accompanied Israel in the wilderness (1 Cor 10:1–2), and in reference to other clouds from which YHVH manifested his glory in one manner or another (e.g. Matt 15:5; Mark 9:7; Luke 9:34–35).
What happens next?
The Saints and the Wrath of Elohim
YHVH has now gotten men’s attention through the shock-and-awe cosmic disturbances that have played before them in the vast celestial movie screen of the heavens like an unimaginable horror movie complete with full surround-sound, in 3-D with the whole cinema of the earth shaking under men’s feet! Perhaps, the New Jerusalem is even hovering over the earth like a huge alien spaceship. With all eyes looking heavenward, mouths agape and hearts pounding in fear, and in stammering voices men asking themselves, “What’s this? What’s next?” This all happens just before YHVH pours out his fierce vengeance upon rebellious men; but first, he will give men one more chance to repent of their sins and turn to him before it’s too late!
But before this, both Matthew 24:31 and Revelation 7:1 record that YHVH will send his angels to gather his elect from the four corners of the earth. This is likely not the resurrection of the righteous, but a regathering of redeemed Israelites — 12,000 from each tribe just prior to their resurrection at is second coming. After this regathering, YHVH will then set a seal with his name on it upon the foreheads of these elect saints (Rev 7:3; 14:2). That seal insures that they will not be harmed during the wrath of YHVH (Rev 7:3). Who are these divinely sealed saints? They are redeemed Israelites who come from the 12 tribes of Israel (Rev 7:2–8). Paul says that all who put their faith in Yeshua (whether Jew or Gentile) and are washed in his blood are no longer Gentiles (i.e. without God and hope), but are part of the nation of Israel, and that Jews and Gentiles are made one in Messiah, which he calls “the one new man” (Eph 2:11–19). These same redeemed Israelites are the seed or offspring of Abraham (Gal 3:29) and the Israel of Elohim (Gal 6:16), who can only enter the New Jerusalem through one of the 12 gates, which are named after the 12 tribes of Israel. Since there is no “Gentile Gate” (Rev 21:12), no Gentiles will be permitted into the New Jerusalem — only Israelites! The 144,000 sealed saints of Revelation 7:2–8 are the saints of YHVH who keep his (Torah) commandments and how have the faith or testimony of Yeshua (Rev 12:17; 14:12)!
At the end of the sixth seal (Rev 6:12–17) where the arrival of the wrath of YHVH is announced, we learn that YHVH holds back his wrath for a short time. In Revelation 7:2, an angel arrives on the scene with a seal to imprint in the foreheads of these saints the name of YHVH (also 14:1). The seal in the forehead symbolizes YHVH’s ownership and authority over his saints. They are his, and he is going to protect them from the plagues that are about to fall upon the earth and its inhabitants. At this time, the angels who have been ordered by heaven to pour out the first part of YHVH’s plagues of wrath upon the earth are told to hold back from their divine commission “till we have sealed the servants of our Elohim in their foreheads” (7:3). So YHVH waits to seal his saints from the plagues of his wrath about to be poured out upon the earth, and to give the unredeemed men one last chance to repent of their sins. This we know from Revelation 7:9–14, which describes a vast multitude of people who have been progressively coming out (verse 14) of the great tribulation, and who have “washed their robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb” (verse 14). What happens to these new saints? Eventually, they will be standing before the throne of YHVH (presumably in the New Jerusalem) forever ministering to YHVH Elohim or Yeshua (verses 15–17). This event occurs later, after the resurrection of the righteous that occurs at the seventh trumpet (Rev 11:18). The account we see in Revelation 7:9–17 appears to be a condensed version or overview of this multitude’s salvation out of the great tribulation, their sealing and their ultimate eternal reward of being in the presence of YHVH forever (after they’ve received their resurrected bodies). This doesn’t all happen at once, though.
Revelation 14:1–5 gives us another view of this glorious scene. Before the pouring out of YHVH’s wrath upon the earth, he will preach the everlasting gospel message to all of the inhabitants of the earth via three angels flying through the sky (vv. 6–11). In verse seven, the first angel proclaims, “Fear Elohim and give glory to him, for the hour of his judgment has come; and worship him who made heaven and earth, the sea and springs of water!” Two other angels come afterwards announcing the fall of Babylon the Great and the judgment or wrath of Elohim upon all who worship the beast and take his mark (verses 9–10). After this, YHVH will send another angel with a golden sickle to gather in the spiritual harvest of all those who have repented and turned to YHVH. The result of this gospel proclamation will be a rich harvest of people who will repent and turn to YHVH (verses 14–16). This scene seems to be a repeat account of the spiritual harvest that comes out of the great tribulation — the great and innumerable multitude (Rev 7:9–17).
The 144,000 and the great and innumerable multitude are the elect that will be gathered out of the great tribulation and just prior to the wrath of Elohim being poured out upon the earth. Yeshua describes this event in Matthew 24:31 and verses 36 through 44.
This great multitude may likely be the first installment of Israelites to make the second exodus out of the nations where they have been scattered. Many other lost and scattered Israelites will make the exodus from Babylon after it has fallen (Rev 18) and the captives are set free.
Who are the 144,000 compared to the great multitude, and why does the Revelation account list them as two distinct groups? I suspect that the former group are those who were already redeemed prior to the great tribulation. They were those saints who were already obedient to YHVH’s Torah commands and already had faith in Yeshua (as per Rev 12:17 and 14:12). They are like the five wise virgins in Yeshua’s parable. The latter group are those who put off getting right with Yeshua until the last moment when he will appear for all to see during the sixth seal at which time the everlasting gospel is preached. Perhaps, these are like the five foolish virgins in the parable, or like the lukewarm Laodicean believers who were sitting on the fence spiritually, but suddenly woke up from their spiritual slumber when they saw that the second coming was near. They have to go through the fires of tribulation before waking up spiritually and committing themselves wholeheartedly to obeyingYHVH (Rev 3:18–19).
Another point to be considered is the idea of multitudes. The group that comes out of great tribulation is described as “a great multitude which none could number, of all nations, tribes, peoples and tongues…” (Rev 7:9). Interestingly, elsewhere in the Scriptures, Jacob on his death bed prophetically sees Ephraim, the son of Joseph, as growing into “a multitude in the midst of the earth” and “a multitude of nations” (Gen 48:16 and 19). Additionally, the prophet Joel speaks about “multitudes in the valley of decision, for the day of YHVH is near in the valley of decision. The sun and the moon shall be darkened, and the stars shall withdraw their shining” (Joel 3:14–15). It is at the same time that YHVH will judge the heathen (verse 12), and he will put his sickle to the harvest, which is ripe, for their wickedness is great (verse 13). This seems to be a picture of both Revelation 7:9 and 14:14–19, which is the time just before the wrath of Elohim when all men will be given one last chance to choose between following YHVH-Yeshua or the devil and his New World Order, Babylon the Great beast and Antichrist system.
Once these righteous are gathered, it appears that they will go into a place of safety (in the wilderness) for three-and-one-half years during the first half of YHVH’s wrath or the seven trumpets (Rev 12:14). Again, what people will YHVH allow to escape his terrible wrath? Those whom he has sealed in their foreheads (Rev 7:3), and those who keep his Torah commandments and have the testimony of Yeshua (Rev 12:17; 14:12). Why will YHVH gather these people to his safekeeping just before he pours out his wrath upon the rebellious inhabitants of the earth? Simply for this reason. It is against YHVH’s word to punish his redeemed people (e.g. 1 Thess 1:10; 5:9; Luke 21:36; Rev 3:10) . Because of this, those who repent of their sins and place their faith in Yeshua’s shed blood have passed from judgment unto life. They are no longer under any condemnation for their sins, since Yeshua died in their place (John 5:24; 3:16–17). Not only that, the word of YHVH promises that he will deliver his saints form the wrath to come (1 Thess 1:10), and that they are not appointed to wrath (1 Thess 5:9). Furthermore, Luke records in his account of the Olivet Prophecy that Yeshua instructed his disciples to “watch therefore and pray always that you may be counted worthy to escape these things that will come to pass (Luke 21:36) before the days of vengeance (or YHVH’s wrath, verse 20). Yeshua wouldn’t tease his disciples with the possibility of escape if weren’t a reality. Furthermore we read in Zephaniah 2:3, “Seek YHVH, all you meek of the earth, which have wrought his judgment; seek righteousness, seek meekness: it may be you shall be hid in the day of YHVH’s anger.” If YHVH’s hiding away his saints during the period of his wrath weren’t assured for the righteous, then whey would Zephaniah and Yeshua suggest that they seek it?
Where will this place of safety be for the saints? Likely, it will be some safe spot(s) on earth. Why earth? We see a couple of hints in Revelation that seem to indicate this. First, while the first phase of wrath of Elohim is being poured out, we see an oblique reference to these sealed saints under the fifth trumpet plague of Revelation 9. In verse 4, the angel is commanded to neither hurt the grass, the plants, trees nor those who have the seal of Elohim in their foreheads. If the sealed saints were not on earth in some place of protection, this statement would make no sense. Our second clue is found in Revelation 12:14, where there is a group of saints who are protected from the enemy’s onslaught for three-and-one-half years. Perhaps, this is a reference to the sealed saints.
Furthermore, logic dictates that what need would there be of sealing the saints so that the plagues would not hurt them if they weren’t on earth during this time?
After the righteous are gathered, then there’s a harvest of the wicked who are likened to rotten grapes (Rev 14:17–18). YHVH will stomp these rotten “grapes” in the winepress of his wrath and the blood of those who still deign to resist Elohim will flow in some places several feet deep (Rev 14:19–20)!
As in the Days of Noah
Can we confirm from elsewhere in the Scriptures the scenario that YHVH’s saints will go through the great tribulation and that he will supernaturally protect them from his wrath? Indeed we can. Yeshua states in Matthew 24:37, “For as the days of Noah were, so shall also the coming of the Son of Man be.” Noah was a preacher of righteousness for 120 years prior to the flood (Gen 6:3; 2 Pet 2:5). He no doubt endured the mockery and persecution of those who did not believe his message about a coming flood and the need for an ark of safety when that generation had experienced neither rain nor floods (Heb 11:7; 2 Pet 2:5). In Genesis 7:4, YHVH allows Noah to experience seven more days of persecution before the rains of judgment come upon the earth after which YHVH shut Noah up in the ark of safety (7:16). It was then that the ark “was lifted above the earth” (7:17), which seems to be an allegorical picture of the resurrection of the saints.
Now what does Yeshua teach about the end times just prior to his return (Matt 24:37–39)? He reveals that his saints will go through tribulation on this earth (Matt 24:3–28). He compares the events surrounding Noah’s day with those of the end times. Does Yeshua indicate that his people will even go through “great tribulation” (Gk. megathlipsis, verse 21)? The answer is yes. At what time will Yeshua’s people be lifted up above the earth to meet him in the air: before or after the tribulation? Matthew 24:29–31 states that this will occur after the tribulation.
Similarly, the Scriptures reveal that Noah endured another seven days (prophetically seven years?) of tribulation before the wrath of Elohim was poured out upon the wicked inhabitants of the earth. Does this speak of a seven year tribulation period the saints will have to go through before the wrath of Elohim is poured out upon this earth? Quite possibly so. On the other hand, the Scriptures clearly teach that YHVH’s people will not have to endure his wrath (1 Thess 1:10; 5:9), but conversely teach that all will go through tribulation.As used in the Testimony of Yeshua (NT), the words tribulation and wrath, are two different Greek words and concepts: the word tibulation is the Greek word thlipis, and the word wrath are the Greek words orgey and thumos. These two categories of words have very different meanings and applications. The wrath of Elohim is not called the tribulation and vice versa. The righteous are not appointed to wrath (1 Thess 1:10; 5:9), and therefore will not go through the wrath of Elohim period based on the promises of the Word of Elohim. There is no indication from the Scriptures that the righteous will be raptured before the end of the tribulation period. In fact, as noted earlier, Yeshua specifically states so in Matthew 24.
We clearly see from the prophetically prototypical life of Noah that there were three distinct periods of time that relate to the end time tribulation and wrath of Elohim periods. The first period is the general tribulation period, which for Noah lasted 120 years (Gen 6:3). Next mankind was given another seven days (Gen 7:4,10) to repent before YHVH’s judgment of wrath was poured out upon the earth. This appears to corresponds to a seven year great tribulation period coming upon men just prior to the “catching away” of the saints into their heavenly “ark of safety” with Yeshua. Afterwards occurs the wrath of Elohim against unrepentant humanity. In Noah’s case it rained for 40 days (scripturally, the number 40 represents testing, trial or judgment) and Noah and his family were “lifted up above the earth” in the safety of the ark (Gen 7:17). This seems to be a prophetic picture of the resurrection of the saints after the great tribulation of seven years, but prior to the wrath of Elohim just as Yeshua foretells in Matthew 24 and John records in the book of Revelation.
The truth of the Scriptures is always a straight line. Though Noah’s flood and Yeshua’s prophecy occurred some two thousand years apart, their prophetic truths line up perfectly revealing the divine inspiration and perfect syncretism of YHVH’s set-apart Word!
YHVH’s Wrath in Two Parts
The Book of Revelation seems to divide the wrath of Elohim into two time periods: the first half and the final half. The seven trumpet of Revelation chapters eight and nine along with the final trumpet of chapter 11:15–18 is the description of the first half of the wrath of Elohim. The seventh seal of Revelation 8:1–6 is literally the seven trumpets; that is, it expands or opens up into the seven trumpets of YHVH’s wrath. The trumpet or shofar in ancient Israel was used for many things, but one of its primary uses was as an instrument of war. It was used for rallying the troops and it sounded when charging the enemy. This is the purpose of the seven trumpets (or shofarot) in Revelation. YHVH is declaring war on his enemies and then going after them!
The final half of the wrath of Elohim are the seven last plagues or bowl judgments of Revelation 15 and 16. How do we know they are the last part of the wrath? Revelation 15:1 tells us so. They are called the seven last plagues (they are the last, while the trumpets are the first), and they complete (Gr. teleo meaning “to fill up, accomplish, finish, fulfill,bring to a close”) the wrath of Elohim.
The Resurrection or Catching Away of the Saints
The last three trumpets are called the “three woes” (Gk. ouai meanng “exclamation of grief”). The third woe is the also the seventh trumpet (Rev 11:14). This last trumpet of Revelation 11:15–19 is an angelic proclamation announcing three things: Yeshua the King of kings is about to take possession of the earth, it is time for rewards to be given to the saints, and part two or the final climax of YHVH’s wrath is about to be poured out upon the earth, and woe to anyone who is still alive to receive these fearsome judgments from the Most High One!
What are the reward of the righteous? This must be referring to the resurrection of the righteous dead, which happens at the same time YHVH pours out the final half of or makes complete (Rev 15:1) his wrath upon the wicked of this earth, which are the seven last plagues or bowl judgments. (Rev 15:6; 16:1–21).
At this time, we need to refer to the two most notable passages in the Bible pertaining to the resurrection of the saints. They are 1 Corinthians 15:51–53 and 1 Thessalonians 4:13–17 quoted below in respective order.
Behold, I shew you a mystery; we shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed, in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump, for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed. For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put on immortality.
But I would not have you to be ignorant, brethren, concerning them which are asleep, that ye sorrow not, even as others which have no hope. For if we believe that Yeshua died and rose again, even so them also which sleep in Yeshua will Elohim bring with him. For this we say unto you by the word of the Lord, that we which are alive and remain unto the coming of the Lord shall not precede them which are asleep. For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of Elohim: and the dead in Messiah shall rise first: then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air, and so shall we ever be with the Lord.
What happens to the sealed saints who have been kept in a place of safety during the first half of the wrath of YHVH? The righteous dead will be resurrected at this time, and then the sealed saints will receive their resurrected and immortal bodies in the moment of a twinkling of the eye. But where do they all go during the final part of YHVH’s wrath (the seven last plagues or bowl judgments)? Since it seems likely that the New Jerusalem is already hovering in the first heaven of the earth’s atmosphere, this will be their likely destination. How do I deduce this?
The next moment we catch a glimpse of these immortal saints is in Revelation 15:2–3 and 19:1. In our first reference, we see those who didn’t succumb to the beast, nor did they worship his image or take his mark (15:2). They are pictured in heaven (Which heaven? The Bible records that there are three!) where they are standing before Elohim and the Lamb, and where the heavenly temple is (verses 3 and 5) just before the final judgments of Elohim’s wrath are poured out on earth (verses 6–8 and Rev 16, the entire chapter). We have already suggested and discussed the idea that the New Jerusalem may be hovering over the earth in the atmosphere (the first heaven) for all to see during the seven trumpet judgments. It seems most likely that this is where these saints will be taken after their resurrection at the seventh trumpet (see Rev 11:19). They’re taken to heaven, all right, but to heaven that has come to the earth’s atmosphere!
Next, in Revelation 19, we see “much people in heaven” (the first heaven of the earth’s atmosphere where the New Jerusalem is hovering (verse 1). We also see “a great multitude in heaven” (see also verse 6). These sealed saints and the righteous dead who have just been resurrected are likely the bride of Yeshua who are now making the final preparations for the marriage of the Lamb (Rev 19:7–9). It is at this time (before Yeshua’s wedding) that Yeshua actually returns to the earth for his final rendering of judgment against all the armies of the world who have gathered in the land of Israel to put down “this alien invasion” of Yeshua and his entourage. He will make war against the kings of the earth, and he will capture the beast, the false prophet and all those who took the mark of the beast and who worshipped him. All will be killed except the beast and the false prophet who will be thrown into the lake of fire (Rev 19:11–19). At this time, Satan will be captured and bound and thrown into the bottomless pit for 1000 years.
So during the final part of the wrath of YHVH (the seven bowl judgments), it seems that the righteous are in the first heaven above the judgments YHVH is pouring out on the earth below.
As the seventh seal opened up to the first part of the wrath of YHVH, which are the seven trumpets, so the seventh trumpet announces and opens up to the seven last plagues or bowl judgments — the final part of YHVH’s wrath.