Almost every year, I post my commentary on Lot and his famous pillar-of-salt wife. Why? Is because I’ve run out of commentary articles to post? YHVH knows this isn’t the case. I have several thousand pages of commentary notes and articles that I have written on the Bible. There is no possible way I can publish this all on this blog! No. The reason I keep publishing this article each year is because the longer I live, the more I realize that I am a lot like Lot and his wife—and so are you if you’re honest. You see, both of these biblical characters are symbolic of the human condition including the struggles against the influences of the world, the flesh and the devil that we face daily. That’s why we need to be constantly reminded of this story, for in it, again if we’re honest, we will gain a better perspective on the true nature of our own spiritual condition, and in so doing, perhaps it will help us to be better overcomers. — Natan
Genesis 19:1ff, Lot sat in the gate of Sodom. In the end times, YHVH tells his saints to flee spiritual Babylon (Rev 18:4) in order to escape the plagues that will come upon her because of her sin. Lot was secure in wicked Sodom to the point that he had become a city leader (he sat in the gate of the city) and was now trying to appease his friends, the Sodomites, by giving them his virgin daughters for sexual exploitation. There is peril in complacent security. Lot barely escaped Sodom with his life from the fires of Elohim’s judgment. His wife did not make it. What can we learn from Sodom and could there ever come a time when we will have to flee the spiritual Sodom in which we find ourselves? Is it possible to flee our “Sodom” without physically leaving it?
Genesis 19:2, No.The lamed in lo (no) contains a small dagesh, which implies a harsh, rather than gentle, manner of speech. The angel was irritated and snapped harshly (not courteously), “No!” to Lot’s request for them to come to his home. Lot not being totally righteous did not merit such dignified visitors to come under his roof. But by their refusal and his persistence, he increased his merit and righteousness in Elohom’s eyes, such that was deemed to be a righteous man in the eyes of the apostolic writers (2 Pet 2:7).
Genesis 19:14, Sons-in-law. If Lot had three sons-in-law, then with the his married daughter and his two daughters and wife at home there would have been ten possible righteous people in Sodom, thus preventing divine judgment from falling on that wicked city as per Abraham’s request. The fact that Lot’s married daughters refused to leave Sodom with him possibly speaks to his failure in properly raising them in the fear of YHVH and his standards of righteousness. Lot had already set them a bad example of spiritual compromise and acquiescing to the world for personal and financial gain, and his children followed this example of spiritual compromise to the point where they had little or no faith in Elohim whatsoever. Though Scripture later calls Lot a righteous man, he was only righteous compared to the wicked inhabitants of Sodom, which may or may not be saying much.
Genesis 19:17, In the plain. Not only was the city destroyed, but the area around it as well. To this day, the entire area around where ancient Sodom was is barren, desolate and covered in gypsum (hydrated calcium sulfate) and sulfur balls. Verse 28 mentions “all the land of the plain” being destroyed as well.
Genesis 19:23, Then YHVH rained brimstone…from YHVH out of heaven. YHVH in heaven is the Father and YHVH on earth was the Son — the preincarnate Yeshua. At Yeshua’s second coming, he will bring judgment on the earth in accordance with the will of his Father in heaven.
Genesis 19:33, The word is to be understood as if the letter were not there. The dot over the vav in uvkumah (complete spelling for her getting up) as opposed to the vav missing in v. 35 (defective spelling of the same word) indicates that Lot was somewhat blameworthy the second night in that he knew that his drunkenness had led him down the wrong path and that he shouldn’t have allowed himself to drink wine the next day (Tikkun, p. 39).
“Remember Lot’s Wife!”—A Man Called Lot: What We Can Learn from His Life
In Luke 17 32, Yeshua warns end times believers to “Remember Lot’s wife.” What did he mean by this pointed warning? Is Lot not a picture of the typical Western saint whether Christian or Hebraic roots oriented saint? I believe so. In saying this, as a pastor and having been a watchman on the spiritual wall for many years, I see very little if any difference (broadly speaking) between Christians and most Torah-keepers, for the spiritual condition of both groups is fundamentally the same.
Primarily what differentiates the two groups is the religious jargons and nomenclatures each group uses in addition to the outward religious trapping or externals each uses to identify itself.
What about Torah, you may ask? Don’t most Hebraic-oriented believers in Yeshua obey the Torah and Christians do not? My response is that there is not a huge difference between the two—at least not from the Creator’s perspective. YHVH looks at hearts, and not merely at the superficiality of outward appearances and the religious trappings by which people identify themselves.
In reality, both born-again Christians and born-again self-professing Yeshua-centered Torah-keepers follow Torah principles to one degree or another. The only difference is that the former group does not claim to follow Torah, but teaches that it was “done away with.” In reality, to a certain degree, many serious Christians do follow the “moral” principles of the Torah along with tithing. On the other hand, a large percentage of those who loudly and proudly proclaim their adherence to the principles of the Torah largely, in practice, differ little (except for an often half-hearted adherence to the observance of the Sabbath, the biblical feasts and the biblical dietary laws) from their traditional Christian counterparts. If they do follow a Torah lifestyle, they do so only in a way that is copacetic and convenient to the secular, post-Christian society and lifestyle to which all Westerners have become addicted.
In addition, many Hebraic-minded believers have fallen victim, sadly, to a more diminished view of Yeshua in favor of a more letter-of-the-law (or Torah-legalistic) approach to their religious expression. An over-emphasis on the letter of the law as opposed to the spirit of the law is something that Paul the apostle loudly decried, but it seems that many Torah-keeping believers have failed to heed the apostle’s warning.
This mentality of spiritual compromise and syncretism with the world or accommodation (as Francis Schaeffer termed it when describing the secular humanistic bent of the modern Christian church) fits Lot to a tee, as we shall see below. Spiritually, Lot typifies most Christians and Torah-keeping believers on earth today in these last days.
In analyzing this subject, we must realize that the Creator looks more at the condition of the human heart, than the externals and trappings of one’s religious expressions. Within both Christian and Torah-keeping groups there are those who “draw near with their mouths, but their hearts are far from [YHVH]” (Isa 29:13 cp. Matt 15:7–9). For these reasons, I see both religious groups to be fundamentally the same and, therefore, not unlike Lot.
In his Olivette Discourse, Yeshua warned us that as it was in the days of Noah and Lot (Luke 17:26–28), so it would be in the day of his return. He then left us with this well-known but somewhat arcane warning, “Remember Lot’s wife!” (Luke 17:32). Despite Lot’s failings, Scripture’s last verdict concerning Lot’s spiritual state is that he was a just or righteous man who was vexed or oppressed by the wickedness of the society in which he found himself (2 Pet 2:7). I believe that this is an apt description of the average redeemed believer of the last days be they Christian, Messianic Jewish, Messianic Israelite, Hebrew roots Christian, Christian Zionist, Jewish Christian, Nazarene, Notzrim or any other spiritual designer label you care to choose.
Despite Lot’s predisposition toward selfishness, greed, or seeking the approval of the world, his attempts to appease evil doers by compromising his morals (the old go-along-to-get-along-mentality), and his reluctance to leave a wicked society even at risk of peril to his life and those of his loved ones, YHVH still considered Lot to be a righteous man worthy of divine favor and grace such that YHVH sent heavenly messengers to lead Lot and his family to safety. If Lot is an example of the typical modern Laodicean believer, then there is hope for us all in light of YHVH’s merciful grace toward Lot! Remember Peter’s declaration about how the righteous are scarcely saved (1 Pet 4:18)?
We can learn an important principle from the example of Lot. It is this. Although the Bible calls him righteous, this is not the case with his wife and children. Although this is speculation, it seems that Lot likely married a daughter of Sodom, which is why he was granted a seat (a place of judicial authority) in the gate of that city. If this is so, this perhaps answers the question why Lot’s other sons and daughters found it impossible to leave Sodom, and why Lot’s wife left that city only reluctantly. In reality, her heart was still there, which is why she suffered YHVH’s judgment. Many modern believers are like Lot’s wife and children—they are too much in love with the world. Many will be judged as per Revelation 18:4 because they refused to leave end-times Babylon.
In Deuteronomy 32, the Song of Moses, which is a prophecy concerning what would become of Israel after the death of Moses all the way down to the end of the age (or “Israel’s latter end, Deut 32:29), Moses likens Israel to Sodom and Gomorrah (verse 32). Moreover, the spirit of Sodom is alive and well in the end times, for in the book of Revelation, even the holy city of Jerusalem spiritually is likened to the wicked city of Sodom (Rev 11:8).
Now is the time for end time believers no matter what their religious label may be to wake up from their spiritual slumber and to repent of their spiritual lukewarmness and their love of this world and the things in it more than their love of YHVH Elohim and his Word. Judgment is coming, so “remember Lot’s wife(!),” who loved this world more than Elohim and was brought under his wrathful judgment for it.
A Brief Commentary on Lot’s Life
Gen 12:5, Lot hungered for righteousness. That’s why he left Babylon and followed Abraham to Canaan. He had faith to trust YHVH and to go to an unknown land. Like many believers today, though he had left Babylon physically, Babylon still had a grip on him spiritually (on his heart and mind.)
While Lot had a general penchant for pursuing righteousness, he, at the same time, still longed for the good life of wealth, materialism, fame and the acceptance the world had to offer him. He was still a selfish, self-centered man who had not died to his carnal self and its fleshly, worldly appetites. It was all about him, which is why he could take advantage of Abraham—the one who had led him spiritually and physically out of Babylon and to the Promised Land—by choosing the better (more productive and prosperous) grazing areas of Canaan to enrich himself. That step of selfish compromise revealed the true intent of his heart. Sodom was the closest thing to Babylon Lot could find in Canaan, so he gravitated in that direction.
Abraham represents the uncompromising redeemed believer; Lot the compromised, carnally-minded believer. They represent two spiritual systems that co-exist simultaneously. One is the faithful church of Philadelphia with which Yeshua could find no fault. The other was the lukewarm church of Laodicea, about which Yeshua had nothing good to say.
Symbolically, Abraham and Lot’s respective herdsmen symbolized the leaders of the spiritual two systems, while their sheep symbolized the laity within those two systems. There is conflict or strife between these two systems. Eventually, there has to be separation between them. Lot and his entourage chose Sodom — a picture of the world; Abraham and his followers chose the wilderness near Beth-el (the House of El).
Gen 13:8, Abraham was a man of grace and peace, even when it benefited others to his own hurt. Lot was a man who sought only his self interest to the detriment of others.
Gen 13:12–13, Even though Sodom was wicked, Lot still chose to camp there. He probably justified his actions by reasoning to himself that he’d be strong enough to withstand the pressure to compromise spiritually. Lot should have read 1 Corinthians 15:33 which says, “Be not deceived: evil communications corrupt good manners.”
Gen 13:14, Abraham humbled himself before Lot and YHVH exalted and blessed him abundantly (note Luke 6:38). This was a true act of selfless love and self- deprecation on Abraham’s part. He laid his life down for his nephew’s personal benefit. Initially, it appeared that Abraham took the lower position materially, but in the long run, he had chosen the higher path both materially and, and more importantly spiritually.
Gen 13:18, Abraham continued to walk in faith, humility, piety and in a close relationship with YHVH.
Gen 14:1, The very Babylon that Lot failed to get out of his heart was that idol that rose up to judge him and enslave him (vv. 11–12). Sodom and Lot lost everything. Lot was judged with his heathen comrades with whom he had cast in his lot. (Lot had a lot, and cast in his lot with the lot of them and ended up losing a lot.) Although the whole region was defeated by the Babylonians, Abraham was spared. Because Abraham had come out of Babylon (Rev 18:4), he was spared her punishment. In the end times, carnal Christians and carnal Messianics will be judged along with and suffer along side of the Babylonian society to which they are endeared, while the righteous will be supernaturally spared.
Gen 14:12, Lot was living in Sodom by now. Though judged along with Sodom, Lot was still blind to the fact that his love for Sodom had been his downfall. How blind we are to see the direct consequences that our unrighteous actions bring! Until we lose everything as Lot did, most will not see. As long as we have our goods, houses, friends and lifestyle, we’ll go back to our old worldly lusts, lifestyles, habits, inclinations and appetites. Nothing anyone will tell us will change that.
Gen 19:1, Lot did not learn the lesson from the judgment that fell on him. He now became a leader in Sodom and had likely intermarried with a daughter of Sodom as well. By now, he was walking in compromise and was attempting to appease the wicked at the expense of his own family in order to maintain his social status.
According to the Jewish sage S. A. Hirsch, the gate of the city was the place where the king, leaders and judges of the city sat, where the official business of the city was transacted and other public affairs were conducted (2 Sam 19:9; Jer 37:7; Ruth 4:1). Only a prominent public person would sit in the gate of a city. Jewish tradition teaches that Lot had just attained to that position when this story occurs. This was extraordinary, since Lot was a foreigner living in a city where strangers were not tolerated.
Lot must have felt proud at having attained to this prominent position. As a righteous man, it may have been in Lot’s mind to accept this position with the hopes of spiritually influencing the lascivious Canaanites positively. If so, this was a gamble on Lot’s part, for his morals ended up being adversely influenced by his intimate contact with the Sodomites such that he was willing to throw his daughters to the homosexual “dogs.” Moreover, he lost most of his children to this evil society, he lost his wife to it, and his two daughters too who were adversely influenced by Lot’s lax moral standards. There is a fine line between being in the world versus being of the world. It may be our good intentions to influence the world for YHVH, but, if we’re not careful, the bad company of the world will corrupts our good morals. Besides, Lot already possessed a predisposition toward materialism and secularism to which the lifestyle, acceptance and accolades of the Sodomites gave vent to Lot’s lower nature.
Gen 19:1, To his credit, Lot still recognized righteous men when he saw them.
Gen 19:6, Lot was two-faced, was caught in his sin, and was embarrassed about it. He put on airs of righteousness to his guests on one side of the door of his house, while his alter ego on the outside of the door was one of accommodation and appeasement with evil, for he loved the praises of men more than those of YHVH (John 12:43).
Gen 19:7, Lot was so spiritually compromised that all he could do was to utter a weak plea or tepid rebuke to his Sodomite comrades. Better this than nothing, but it was still insufficient. It is easy to be strong in the pulpit, in church and in front of our church buddies, but what about when you’re alone in the world having to take a stand against the ravenous pagans?
YHVH warned both Abraham and Lot about the judgment coming on Sodom. Likewise, in our day, he’ll warn both the hot and lukewarm believers of the impending judgment to come. YHVH is just and merciful, and gives everyone a chance to repent and to follow him.
In the process of gaining the world’s acceptance, (Lot gained the position of being a judge in the city gates of Sodom, and he referred to the Sodomites as “my brethren,” 19:7), Lot lost his family and everything else.
Scripture speaks of those who’ll be saved by fire and who will lose everything else except their spirits. (“If any man’s work shall be burned, he shall suffer loss: but he himself shall be saved; yet so as by fire,” 1 Cor 3:15; also vv. 12–14; 1 Pet 4:18; Jude 23.)
How many lukewarm believers have expended great efforts to “win the world” (to Jesus/Yeshua/God), or to expand their religious kingdoms (allegedly “for Christ’s/Messiah’s sake”), but along the way have lost their marriages and families? The mark of a righteous and godly spiritual leader is one who has his family in order, rules his home well, is a one woman man and has his temporal and spiritual affairs ordered along righteous lines. A righteous Abraham-like man, though not a perfect individual, is nevertheless not one who assimilates with the world. He does not go along with the world to get along with the world, in order to “win the world to Yeshua.” Those who are like Abraham, not like Lot, demand that the world come up to the righteous standards of YHVH, and they do not compromise their high and lofty spiritual Torah standards in order to curry the favor of the world.
Sodom was Lot’s place of ministry, but who in the long run had the greater influence on whom? If in our attempts to win the world to Yeshua we become like the world, that’s called apostasy. It seems that Lot’s family was second in his priorities to that of his “ministry” and occupation. Furthermore, Sodom and the things that it represented materially and socially had become an idol Lot’s mind. Elohim judged that wicked city and as well as the idolatry in Lot’s heart and mind. The idols—those things that exalt themselves in the hearts and minds of YHVH’s people—must and will come down. The judgments of a righteous and set-apart Elohim will insure this. There are judgments unto repentance as well as judgments unto death.
We are living in the days where a shaking is going on among YHVH’s people to separate the wheat from the tares and chaff. Many who think that they are wheat spiritually are in reality tares or chaff in the eyes of the Creator. Many who think that their lives spiritually are gold, silver and precious stones are in reality wood, hay and stubble in the eyes of the Creator. Some of us may be gold, silver and precious stones, but we may still have areas in our hearts and minds that are chaff or tares, are Laodicean or are like Lot.
Remember Lot’s wife (Luke 17:32)! Let him who thinks he stands take head lest he fall. Selah (pause to reflect).
This is a great and noteworthy exegesis! Judgements unto repentance=wow! Never considered Lot was “unequally yoked.” So His mercies are new every morning:), because our sins are 🙁
Natan, I love your class and your classroom! This is meaty and we must digest it, thanks.
Abraham put Elohim’s Kingdom first and Elohim provided for all his needs.
Lot put his needs and pleasures first and ended up losing everything, even ended up committing incest.
Didn’t Yeshua say something like that? All those who will follow him must be willing to lose everything to gain everything? Or, those who sow to the flesh will reap in the flesh, while those who sow in the spirit will reap in this life and the next. Or, seek first the kingdom of Elohim and his righteousness and all of our physical needs will be met, or the converse of that which is to seek first the flesh and these things will not be added to you.
If you run with dogs, you catch fleas!
You just summarized my whole teaching in a few words.
Shalom to All
With fear and trembling we work out our Salvation….
Without fear we can’t respect the love being extended toward us & will not stay the course to honour the greatness of our Elohim.
Blessings to all.
Praise our King. FJ