A Chronological Analysis of Scriptures on the Resurrection of the Dead

Resurrection from Dead

A Chronological Analysis of Scriptures on the Resurrection of the Dead

 Gen 3:2–3, The question of what happens in the afterlife goes back to the very beginning of man’s tenure on this earth as we can see from Eve’s discussion with the serpent. Out of fear of death, Adam and Eve chose not to eat of the tree of knowledge, until the serpent tricked them to disobey YHVH and eat of it. The serpent lied to them by telling them that they could have immortal life and still violate Elohim’s commandments. Most men have believed this lie to this day.

Job 14:12–15,  Job is likely the oldest book in the Bible, and we see that from early times until now, man has had a perennial interest in the afterlife. Job wonders what his fate will be when he dies. Will he die and that’s all there is, or is there an afterlife?

Job 19:25–27, Job came to a place in his life where he obtained a faith about his fate in the afterlife. He knew that it hinged on his faith in his Redeemer. Biblically speaking, what was the mission of the Redeemer (i.e., Yeshua the Messiah)? It was to redeem man from the sting of death brought on by sin.

Ps 16:9–10,  Though this is usually viewed as a messianic prophecy, it isn’t confined to this interpretation. Who are YHVH’s holy, kadosh or set apart ones? The Messiah fits this catergory, of course, but so also do YHVH’s saints. As the apostolic writers teach us, as Yeshua died and rose again, so the saints who are in Yeshua will die and rise again.

Ps 17:15, The term “awake” as in “awake from the sleep of death” is a Hebraism referring to the resurrection. David knew that YHVH created man in his own image for a purpose. If so, then why? It’s deductive reasoning. The creation of man wasn’t a pointless, dead-end endeavor on the Creator’s part. David knew the heart and character of YHVH well enough to know that Elohim had a higher purpose for man than just to live and then to die off. David also knew that man could have his perennial yearning for immortal life satisfied by the fact that man was created in YHVH’s image for a reason and that the reality of this fact would satisfy man’s deepest yearning for immortality.

Ps 49:15, David knew that the answer to the problem of the grave’s power over man involves redemption. The grave has no power over those who have been redeemed. Redemption is what brings us into the Presence of YHVH — to be received of him. In other words, without redemption one can’t be received of YHVH.

Isa 25:8–9, Ultimately, for the righteous life will prevail over death, and YHVH will wipe away man’s tears that are brought on by death. What is the ultimate cause of sorrow in man? It is death and the fear of it. YHVH will deliver his people from death. Those who wait on him in faith will rejoice in YHVH’s salvation through Yeshua the Messiah. Interestingly, the word salvation in verse nine is Yeshua.

Isa 26:19, The dead shall live again; they shall arise or awake from the sleep of death. At the resurrection, the saints will come flying out of their graves in the earth. When the appointed time has come for the resurrection, the earth will no longer be able to hold the righteous dead.

Isa 53:11, With regard to the Messiah, this verse contains the phrase, “and see the light” (of the resurrection back to life) according to the LXX and Dead Sea scrolls translations of the Tanakh (Old Testament). Though this was a prophecy about Yeshua, if it applied to him, then it will also apply to those who have placed their faith in him, and who have been buried and resurrected with him through the ritual of baptism. He was the first fruits of the resurrection of the dead. If he is the first fruits (1 Cor 15:20, 23), then there must be more to follow!

Dan 12:2, 3, 13, As we progress in the Scriptures, more  revelation comes forth on the subject of the resurrection. This is the biblical concept of progressive revelation. Daniel adds the idea not only of the resurrection of the righteous, but of the wicked as well. Rewards will be given to all. Some will have everlasting shame (it doesn’t say “everlasting life in a hell fire”), and some will have everlasting glory. This refers to the glorification of the saints when they receive their glorified bodies and will be born into the family of Elohim as his sons. John said that we will be like Yeshua whose face shined like the sun (1 John 3:1–2 cp. Rev 1:16) in its full glory. Daniel reveals that the resurrected saints will experience a similar reward.

Hos 13:14, Though this is figurative language regarding the house of Israel being spiritually redeemed, we can see there is a literal application to this as well when compared to other scriptures on the subject. For example, the saints — many of whom are from Ephraim — when brought into the covenants of Israel through Messiah become the one new man (Eph 2:11–19), and will experience the reward of the saints in Yeshua which is eternal life and glorification.

Matt 22:23–32, Here Yeshua gives us some more insights into what life as a resurrected being will be like. He states that the resurrected saints will not be marry.

Matt 24:31, Yeshua explains how the saints will be gathered at the resurrection. He will send his angels who will blow shofars, which apparently will awaken the dead from their sleep of death. When this verse is coupled with the resurrection verses in 1 Thess 4:16 and 1 Cor 15:51–52, we see that this is a description of the resurrection of the saints.

Matt 27:52–53, The resurrection of some saints at Yeshua’s resurrection was a foretaste of the resurrection of the righteous dead yet to come. Probably the purpose of this event was to prove to the rest of us that the resurrection of the saints is real and not just a vain tradition or fable, and that we can place our hope in the truth of it because it actually happened once before.

Luke 14:14, The resurrection is a time of  the dispensing of spiritual rewards. The saints will be rewarded in the resurrection for the good they did during their physical life.

John 5:28–29, The hour is coming when at the command of Yeshua, all those in the graves will hear his voice and will be resurrected. Those who have done good will be blessed with eternal life, and those who have done evil will receive condemnation. The wicked dead will come face to face with Yeshua at the white throne judgment (Rev 20:11–15). It is there that every knee will bow to him including the wicked en route to the lake of fire (Phil 2:20).

John 6:39, 40, 44, 54, Yeshua will raise up and give eternal life to those who are his in the last day (at his coming). These are those who see and believe in him. Those who will be resurrected were those the Father called and drew to Yeshua. These same are those who “ate” Yeshua’s flesh and “drank” his blood. They “ate” or obeyed all of Yeshua’s word, and they were covered in his blood or had their sins washed away by his blood. These are the preconditions for being part of the resurrection leading to eternal life.

John 11:23–26, Only through a relationship in Yeshua is eternal life available to a person. When one dies in Yeshua, though his body and soul die, his spirit will live, because spirit is eternal. His spirit man will be reunited with his soul and body at the resurrection.

John 14:19, Even as Yeshua was resurrected from the grave and experienced life, so will those who are in Yeshua.

Acts 24:14–15, The resurrection of YHVH involves both the just and the unjust. This is the great hope of the righteous.

Acts 26:6-8, The resurrection of the dead is the saints’ great hope.

Rom 8:10–11, 19, 21–24, If Yeshua’s disciples are willing to follow Yeshua to the grave (that is, die to their old carnal man), then he will lead them right into the resurrection of eternal life. As he resurrected from the grave, so will they. The Spirit of Elohim that dwells in us will give life to our mortal bodies. This is the promise of physical healing here and now, and ultimate healing at the resurrection. Spiritual life leading to eternal life flows to us from heaven downward through the Set-Apart Spirit into our human spirit and then into our mortal bodies. This is the river of life from heaven. This is our earnest expectation that brings about our adoption (called the spirit of adoption) into the family of Elohim (v. 15), and transforms us into children of Elohim and joint-heirs with Messiah (v. 16) of Elohim’s eternal kingdom. If we suffer with Yeshua, we will also be glorified with him (v. 17). Our resurrection is the glorification or redemption of our mortal bodies (v. 21). This is the hope of our salvation (v. 24).

1 Cor 6:14, As the Father raised Yeshua up from the dead, so he will raise us up also.

1 Cor 15:12–58, The resurrection of the dead is a main cornerstone of our faith (vv. 12–19). When we are baptized for the remission of sins, we’re baptized in hopes of the resurrection even as we were symbolically “resurrected” out of the watery grave at the time of our baptism (v. 29). What are the mechanics of resurrection? All around us in nature, we see quiet witnesses of how resurrection works as Paul illustrates using the seed analogy. A seed must die first before it can bring forth life (vv. 35–38). He goes on to illustrate that there are levels of rewards in the resurrection. Some people will have more glorious rewards than others (vv. 40–42). As we learn from other scriptures, one’s level of rewards will be based on one’s good works during their physical lives. Yeshua, the Second Adam, is at the center of our hope in the resurrection (vv. 45–49). Our resurrected and glorified bodies will resemble the glorified Yeshua (v. 49). Those who are alive at Yeshua’s second coming will die and be resurrected to glorification in a split second at the last trumpet (vv. 50–54). Through Yeshua we have victory over sin (the wages of which is death, vv. 54–57). This hope keeps us steadfast and immovable in our faith as are moving forward in our spiritual walk in Yeshua (v. 58).

2 Cor 4:14, As the Father raised up or resurrected Yeshua, so he will resurrect the saints.

2 Cor 5:1–5, Elohim is preparing a spiritual body for each saints that is from heaven. Living in our earthly habitation (our body) isn’t easy. It is a burden and causes us to groan. But the time is coming when mortality will be swallowed up by immortality. This promise of immortality is guaranteed by the Set-Apart Spirit that now lives in us, which is eternal and immortal. The Spirit of Elohim that currently resides in us is like a down payment on our new house (i.e., our body) that YHVH has made for us.

Phil 3:10–11, 21, We must push forward in our spiritual walk by following the example of Yeshua of enduring suffering here and now, so that we will arrive at the goal of the resurrection where our lowly earthly bodies will be transformed to be like Yeshua’s glorious body.

1 Thess 4:14, 16, The saints will be resurrected, caught up to meet Yeshua in the air, and then they will return with him to the earth. This truth should bring us great comfort.

2 Tim 1:10, The light of the gospel message reveals the truth of our victory over death resulting in immortal life.

Heb 6:2, The resurrection of the dead (coupled with eternal judgment) is one of the foundational doctrines of the gospel truth.

Rev 20:4–6, 13–15, Those who get through the end times without worshipping the image of the beast (and taking his mark) will inherit eternal life and rule and reign with Yeshua for a thousand years during the Millennium. The first resurrection is mentioned twice in this passage. This refers to the resurrection of the righteous at Yeshua’s second coming. If there’s a first resurrection, there must be a second one later on. At the white throne judgment, all the righteous not in the first resurrection (who lived during the Millennium), and all the unregenerate wicked (who died in their sins from the beginning of the world until that time) will be resurrected to appear before King Yeshua. All will be judged for their works. Those found written in the Book of Life will inherit eternal life, and those not found in the Book of Life will be cast into the lake of fire.


15 thoughts on “A Chronological Analysis of Scriptures on the Resurrection of the Dead

  1. So….people will die in the Millennium and it is those who died during that time that are resurrected along with the wicked? I think I am confused. If new bodies are given at the first resurrection (we who remain will be taken up, changed, etc) , wouldn’t that mean they could not die? Help me out please!!! Thanks!

    • Those who die during the Millennium is not a reference to those saints who were granted eternal life (called the first resurrection) at Yeshua’s second coming. Those who are granted eternal life during and/or after the Millennium is referring to physical humans who were still alive on earth at Yeshua’s second coming and who continued to live on into the Millennium and even had children during this time. These are the ones that Yeshua will be ruling over as King of kings with a rod of iron and the resurrected saints will being kings and priests over under King Yeshua. This is my best understanding of this to this point.

      • Ok. So we who remain and are changed…..this change isn’t until after the millenium? Only those who are resurrected get their new bodies before the 1000 yrs? So the mill involves resurrected bodiesI plus those who survived but aren’t changed until after?

      • The resurrection of the saints occurs before the Millennium at the second coming of Yeshua, which is before the Millennium. The physical people who survive the end of this age judgment scenarios as outlined in Daniel, Matt 24—25,and Revelation, and who receive salvation during the Millennium will receive their glorified bodies either during the Millennium after they die, or at the white throne judgment after the Millennium. This is how I understand it.

        There are people who believe that all the prophecies of Daniel, Matt 24—25 and Revelation have already been fulfilled, and that we are now living in the Millennium. They see Messiah as reigning on this earth through his people/the church now and for the last 2000 years. This is not a Hebraic understanding of end times prophecy. This view is very anti-Jewish and believes in replacement theology. I don’t hold to this view. Some people who have been in churches that teach this view of the Millennium may be confused about the nature of the Millennium. Don’t know if this applies to you or not.

        I have many articles and videos on these subject, if you’re interested.

      • I agree with you about the prophecies. The other thing…..I don’t think I’m asking the question right. Let’s say the I live thru to the beginning of the millenium after all of the horrors of trib. The dead in Yeshua rise first. Then we who remain ….meaning me…..am I changed then to live in the 1000 yrs in my new body or do I keep the old one, live and die in the millenium to be raised at the end of the 1000 yrs to receive my new body then? Sorry to be so dense on this….I am unclear regarding what you wrote and still trying to decide what I belive……not that it matters in the long run:<) Thanks……

      • The dead in Messiah rising first and then those who are alive rising, as Paul talks about in 1 Thess 4:16–17, occur at the same time. Paul states in verse 17 that these two groups are “caught up together” to meet Yeshua in the air. There isn’t a 1000 years separating their resurrections. This all happens at the second coming.

        Hopefully this answers your question.

      • Thanks. That’s what I thought but it seemed like you were saying something different so I got confused and began to doubt my thoughts!!!!

  2. Shalom Natan

    It is good to go through the scriptures to see how firm a foundation resurrection is placed in them.

    re: Hosea 13 I had a look at a lexicon for the verses around it too & it seems to be less like the redemption unto lavation but a judgment that for the continued unrepented iniquity of Ephraim of that time…. making them unqualifiable for anything but the negation of salvation. Have I misunderstood? Are you using it as an inverse to prove there is a resurrection of the righteous?

    Phil 2:20 can’t figure with John 5:28-29? Sorry.

    I have very much appreciated this to study and test to try to understand more closely His heart for us. Love in Messiah & Thankyou for all your efforts. I hold you and your congregation in prayer. FJ.

  3. This is another great exegesis and really clarifies for me more about the Millennium, the resurrection and the white throne judgement…thanks again, shalom!

  4. I am Charity Cabagui from the Philippines.
    I would like to ask you if one died a sinner and go to hell,
    is he will be in hell for a minimum of 1000years?
    How long is the longest stay in hell?
    I believe the duration,depends upon the gravity of sin,one committed.
    And with regards to the Lake of Fire,
    will it be forever and ever? I heared you before preaching that Elohim is not that cruel that it will be “without end” or eternal punishment or for all eternity,
    the punishment of sinners.
    Or a great sinner for example will burn much longer
    and the less sinner,will burn less?
    And what will happen to their ashes?

  5. Hi Natan ,I have only just noticed your Thankyou of 11Dec 2014, which happened to pop up when I searched on PEKAH 749BC.On reading my comments I found a few errors that eluded my checking at the time .Abraham died aged 175 ,not 75,& PEKAH ‘ruled over Israel’ In GILEAD ,749—–729BC,which leaves HOSHEA’s ‘Rule over Israel’ ,also in Gilead,as 729/8—-720BC.
    I tried to send an e mail from that site ,but I’m not sure what happened to it..due to my poor computer skills.

    My understanding of The Resurrections ,is that Three Resurrections are clearly revealed.
    The 1st is of The Saints ,—The Dead Saints will rise first,then those that have remained alive ,in The Place of Safety ,somewhere on the Earth,will be changed in the twinkling of an eye ( A split second physical death prior to being “Changed”to immortality) then to rise & meet the others in the air etc.
    They will all descend with YEHOSHUA Ha MESHIACH to The Mount of Olives etc.

    The 2 nd Resurrection ,occurs after the Millenial Reign of Y’Shua & the Saints,which is followed by the Time Cut Short of the 6000 allotted years that Satan had to deceive Mankind,& to prove that the Elohim lied to Mankind as he alleged ,while lieing to get to entice Eve into sinning…
    .Satan & his Demons are to be cast out into Outer Black Space ,beyond the physical Universe ,powerless but alive,to suffer forever ,with nothing to do….A fitting punishment for such ingrates ..

    The 2 nd Resurrection is to a second physical life,of all who ever lived ,which is their opportunity to be found worthy of immortality/Eternal Life….As understanding of Elohimic Law will be understood Worldwide,& will prevail.
    The Great White Throne Judgement follows.

    The 3rd Resurrection,Is for the Incorrigibles ,to a very short physical existence ,as they are to be cast into The Lake of Fire for total destruction …
    GOD will not be mocked by such ingrates.

    Regards John

    • Natan…..What say ye regarding John’s comments? I have never heard of 3 resurrections………… or at least thought of there being 3……….

    • I agree with you about the first resurrection. Your idea of a second resurrection as a second chance for some humans is something that the WCG used to teach. The scriptures used to substantiate this view are tenuous at best, in my opinion, so this is not a view that I hold. The last resurrection at the white throne judgment seems, as I read the Scripture on this subject (Rev 20:11–15), to include not only those written in the other books (the Book of the Dead, or the Book of Judgment?), but also those who are written in the Book of Life. Who those righteous people might be that are resurrected at that time is the subject of another discussion.

      As far as your email goes about King Pekah, etc., I didn’t post it since it was off topic to the blog subject at the time. This blog isn’t a Bible study blog that follows our Bible reading program. It is not a forum per se for people to publish their personal studies on subjects that don’t relate to the theme of the blog. Those are the rules.

      Thank you for your comments.

  6. Gen 22:5 Avraham said to his young men, “Stay here with the donkey. I and the boy will go there, worship AND RETURN TO YOU.”

    Avraham believed that his son would be resurrected after he sacrificed him.

Share your thoughts...