Exodus 6:6–8, I will. In this passage, YHVH reveals to Moses the seven steps of Israel’s redemption, which are actually promises of what YHVH will do for Israel.
Wherefore say unto the children of Israel, “I am YHVH, and I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, and I will rid you out of their bondage, and I will redeem [Strong’s H1350, ga’al meaning “to buy back, ransom for money”] you with a stretched out arm, and with great judgments, and I will take you to me for a people, and I will be to you an Elohim, and you shall know that I am YHVH your Elohim, which brings you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians. And I will bring you in unto the land, concerning the which I did swear to give it to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob; and I will give it you for an heritage: I am YHVH.” (Exod 6:6–8, emphasis added)
Here we find listed the seven steps of redemption YHVH lays out for Israel. YHVH uses his covenant name (YHVH) three times during the seven promises: at the beginning, middle and end. He wraps his covenant promises in his covenant name for emphasis.
YHVH is telling Moses (and us, too!!) to just believe him! Believe his Word; trust that he is who he says he is (which is what his covenant name implies: I am who I am, or I will be what I will be; i.e., I will be your All Sufficient One and will meet your every need … So just trust and believe!)
Redemption involves three things.
First, the exchange of one thing (money or blood) for something else (the sins of Israel) must occur. This is expressed in the phrase, “I will redeem you.” Through the shed blood of the Passover lamb, which pointed to Yeshua’s death on the cross, YHVH redeemed Israel from the power and penalty of sin, which is death (Ezek 18:4; Rom 6:23).
Second, redemption involves the use of power to extricate that which is being redeemed (in this case, Israel) from that which is holding it captive or enslaved (i.e., the world, sin and the devil as pictured by Pharaoh and Egypt). This is expressed in the phrase, “with an outstretched arm.”
And finally, the third step of redemption involves judgment upon and or destruction of the captor. This is expressed in the phrase, “and with great judgments.” Israel was redeemed from the enemy (sin and Egypt) by the atoning blood of the sacrificed Lamb and by the outstretched arm of YHVH at the dividing of the Red Sea and the deliverance of Israel, and Egypt was judged through the ten plagues and the destruction of her army.
As YHVH promised to redeem the children of Israel, so he promises to do the same for us. He states in Exodus 6:6, “I will redeem you …” and likewise in the Testimony of Yeshua we read:
Forasmuch as you know that you were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, from your vain conduct received by tradition from your fathers, but with the precious blood of Messiah, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot. (1 Pet 1:18–19)
For you are bought with a price; therefore, glorify Elohim in your body, and in your spirit, which are Elohim’s. (1 Cor 6:20)
YHVH promises to redeem his people “with an outstretched arm” (Exod 6:6),
And what is the exceeding greatness of his power toward us who believe, according to the working of his mighty power. (Eph 1:19)
YHVH promises to redeem his people with an outstretched arm, “and with great judgments” (Exod 6:6; see also Rev 20:10,14 where YHVH judges sin, death and Satan).
Let’s gain a deeper understanding of the concept of redemption. Redemption is deliverance by payment of a price. In the Testimony of Yeshua , redemption refers to loosing or ransoming something (Luke 2:38; Heb 9:12) and loosing away, delivering or releasing (Luke 21:28; Rom 3:24; Eph 1:14), and to salvation from sin, death, and the wrath of Elohim by Messiah’s sacrifice. In the Tanakh (OT), the word redemption can refer to redemption by a kinsman (Lev 25:24, 48–52; Ruth 4:6; Jer 32:7–8), a rescue or deliverance (Num 3:49), and spiritual ransom (Pss 111:9; 130:7).
The NT emphasizes the tremendous cost of redemption: “the precious blood of [Messiah]” (1 Pet 1:18; Eph 1:7), which is also called an atoning sacrifice, ‘a propitiation by His blood’ (Rom 3:25). Believers are exhorted to remember the ‘price’ of their redemption as motivation to personal holiness (1 Cor 6:19–20; 1 Pet 1:13–19). The Bible also emphasizes the result of redemption: freedom from sin and freedom to serve [Elohim] through [Yeshua the Messiah our Master]. (Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary, p. 904–5)
Let’s explore the concept of Redeemer:
A redeemer is one who frees or delivers another from difficulty, danger, or bondage, usually by the payment of a ransom price. In the OT, the redeemer could function in several ways. He could buy back property (and even enslaved people) sold under duress (Lev 25:23–32). He (usually as owner, not as a relative) often redeemed from [YHVH] dedicated property and firstborn livestock (Lev 27:1–33; also Exod 21:28–30).
Boaz’s function as redeemer for Ruth (Ruth 3:13–4:10) is well known, as is Job’s resurrection hope in [YHVH], his Redeemer (Job 19:25). [YHVH] himself is the Redeemer of Israel, a fact mentioned 18 times—especially by the prophet Isaiah (Ps 78:35; Isa 41:14).
In the NT, [Messiah] is viewed as the ultimate Redeemer, although the Greek word for redeemer is not used. [Yeshua] gave his life ‘as a ransom for many’ (Mark 10:45). Thus, the apostle Paul speaks of believers as having ‘redemption through his blood’ (Eph 1:7)” (Ibid.).
We see once again, as Moses could do nothing through his own prowess and ability to redeem Israel out of the Egyptians’ hands, so too we are powerless to affect our own deliverance and redemption from what binds us. We, as did Moses, must come to the end of ourselves and trust and believe in the covenant promises of YHVH.
And Moses spoke so unto the children of Israel, but they hearkened not unto Moses for anguish of spirit, and for cruel bondage. (Exod 6:9)
Here we see the heart response of unregenerate man: first he complains (groans, Exod 6:5) about his bondage and then rejects the grace and deliverance available from the Redeemer (Exod 6:9).
But finally in Exodus 6:10–13, 28–30; 7:1–10 armed with YHVH’s covenant promises, Moses goes forth to fulfill his commission. Moses responds with excuses and reluctance, yet finally, after encouragement and coaxing from YHVH he obeys. We see here the patience of YHVH with his children. How long does he have to lovingly lead, coax and encourage us to do his will? To fulfill his destiny and plan for our lives?