Are Passover and the Day of Atonement Redundant?

Leviticus 16:1–34, A cursory reading of the Scriptures seems to indicate that there exists overlapping similarities between some of the blood atonement ceremonies of Passover/Pesach and the Day of Atonement/Yom Kippur. What are the differences between the sin atonement offerings of Pesach and Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement)?

Are Passover and Atonement mirror images of each other, more or less?

Are Passover and Atonement mirror images of each other, more or less?

Perhaps realizing the fact that the Passover occurs during the spring feast day season and the Day of Atonement occurs during the fall feast day season may answer this question. Prophetically the spring feast days picture Messiah Yeshua’s first coming, while the fall feast days prophetically point to his second coming. How does this understanding shed light on the answer to this question?

Both Pesach and Yom Kippur picture redemption through the shed blood of Yeshua; that is, being delivered from bondage to sin and the rudiments of this world. Passover symbolizes the first steps a new believer takes when coming out of spiritual Egypt and accepting Yeshua, the Lamb of YHVH, as one’s Savior and Master.

Yom Kippur, on the other hand, pictures the blood of the Lamb covering over the sins of the individual and the corporate sins of the nation of Israel. Yom Kippur also prophetically points to the time when Yeshua will return to the earth to initiate the final regathering of lost Israel, and to prepare to marry his bride, redeemed Israel. Perhaps this understanding will help to answer why another Passover-like moed (appointed time) is needed. Yom Kippur doesn’t focus so much on leaving Egypt, but rather on YHVH’s people preparing to enter the millennial kingdom under the Messiah.


5 thoughts on “Are Passover and the Day of Atonement Redundant?

  1. Christ separates the sheep from the goats ….one forgives the other takes our sin away…go and sin no more. Saints don’t sin. Sinners do….born again is new creature and same seed in you…you cannot sin. That’s what born again is

    • I cannot let this pass without comment. Let me correct you. A sinner is one who lives a lifestyle of sin with no inclination to obey YHVH. A saint is one who has been regenerated spiritually but who doesn’t live a habitual lifestyle of sin, for his heart is inclined toward obedience to YHVH, but he still has to battle the world, the flesh and the devil, and from time to time he will stumble and sin. When he does, he is convicted of the Spirit, he gets back up, repents and goes forward. This is what Romans 7 is all about, as well as 1 John 1:9. If a saint can’t sin, then 1 John 1:9 is a lie and so is Romans 7.

      The doctrine of sinless perfectionism is a heresy. It stems from a faulty reading of several verses in John’s first epistle due to a poor translation into English of the Greek tenses.

      I have known some who claimed that they never sinned since the time they were born again. First, in making such a claim, they are guilty of pride (like the publican in the parable). Pride tops the list of the seven sins YHVH hates the most (Prov 6:16, 17). Second, such a person doesn’t haven’t a complete biblical understanding Hebraically of what it means to be born again. It is a process, not a one time deal. When you accept Yeshua as Master and Savior and repent of sin, your spirit man is saved at that time, but not your soul. The saving of the soul (your mind, will and emotions) occurs over a lifetime as it learns to come under of the Word and Spirit of Elohim. Finally, your body won’t be born again until you receive your glorified body at the resurrection. So one is not totally born again at the time of one’s initial salvation. Third, those who believe in sinless perfectionism don’t understand what sin is. Sin is the violation of the Torah-law (1 John 3:4). Most who hold to this doctrine not only are guilty of the sin of pride, but they don’t keep the Sabbath, the biblical feasts, the biblical dietary laws and a host of other biblical commandments that in their ignorance and arrogance, they ignore. Therefore, have a narrow definition of sin that may pass muster according to the false doctrines of men, but not with the Creator of the Universe who is the Just and Righteous Judge, and will judge all humans according to all of his word.

      There is much more that could be said, but I will stop for now. Please don’t allow yourself to be lulled into a false sense of security because of a false doctrine of men which has invalidated the Word of Elohim. What I have given to you is the Truth of the Bible. I hope you will accept it.

      • Ok this is very interesting to me. So if your spirit is saved and your soul is not saved do you go to be with Jesus? How about if your body is saved will your soul and spirit have to be saved? Can your soul be saved and not your spirit? I never heard this distinction of each before so I am just curios

  2. I also agree wholeheartedly with your asesment of sinners and saints. It’s refreshing to hear, as I don’t believe that is the normal train of thought.

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